Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 1989 Feb 28;159(1):14-8.

Endothelin is a positive inotropic agent in human and rat heart in vitro.

Author information

  • 1Department of Heart and Hypertension, Cleveland Clinic Foundation OH 44195.


We have investigated the response to endothelin of isolated atrial and ventricular trabeculae from failing human hearts obtained at transplant. Results indicate that endothelin exerts a significant positive inotropic effect on human atrial and ventricular tissue, with increases in developed tension of 74.6 +/- 14.1% (+/- SEM) and 9.9 +/- 4.0%, respectively. Further studies on rat cardiac muscle demonstrate that the greater inotropic effect on atrial than ventricular muscle is also exhibited by the rat heart in vitro, with 39.9 +/- 10.7% and 17.1 +/- 5.9% increases in developed tension for atria and papillary muscle, respectively. Studies in rat atria also provide no evidence for an effect of endothelin on the frequency of spontaneous contractions. These results suggest that the potential exists for regulation of cardiac function in humans and rats by endothelial-derived factors such as endothelin, possibly via augmentation of atrial systole.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk