Display Settings:


Send to:

Choose Destination
We are sorry, but NCBI web applications do not support your browser and may not function properly. More information
J Biol Chem. 1989 Jan 5;264(1):596-601.

Shiga toxin, Shiga-like toxin II variant, and ricin are all single-site RNA N-glycosidases of 28 S RNA when microinjected into Xenopus oocytes.

Author information

  • 1Genetics and Biochemistry Branch, National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases, Bethesda, Maryland 20892.


Ricin, Shiga toxin, and Shiga-like toxin II (SLT-II, Vero toxin 2) exhibit an RNA N-glycosidase activity which specifically removes a single base near the 3' end of 28 S rRNA in isolated rat liver ribosomes and deproteinized 28 S rRNA (Endo Y., Mitsui, K., Motizuki, M., & Tsurugi, K. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 5908-5912; Endo Y. & Tsurugi, K. (1987) J. Biol. Chem. 262, 8128-8130, Endo, Y., Tsurugi, K., Yutsudo, T., Takeda, Y., Ogasawara, K. & Igarashi, K. (1988) Eur. J. Biochem. 171, 45-50). These workers identified the single base removed, A-4324, by examining a 28 S rRNA degradation product which was generated by contaminating ribonucleases associated with the ribosomes. To determine whether this N-glycosidase activity applies in living cells, we microinjected ricin into Xenopus oocytes. We also microinjected Shiga toxin and a variant of Shiga-like toxin II (SLT-IIv). All three toxins specifically removed A-3732, located 378 nucleotides from the 3' end of 28 S rRNA. This base is analogous to the site observed in rat 28 S rRNA for ricin, Shiga toxin, and SLT-II. Purified, glycosylated, ricin A chain contains this RNA N-glycosidase activity in oocytes. We also demonstrated that the nonglycosylated A subunit of recombinant ricin exhibits this RNA N-glycosidase activity when injected into Xenopus oocytes. Ricin, Shiga toxin, and SLT-IIv also caused a rapid decline in oocyte protein synthesis for nonsecretory proteins.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

LinkOut - more resources

Full Text Sources

Molecular Biology Databases

PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk