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Zhonghua Nei Ke Za Zhi. 2015 Apr;54(4):317-21.

[1,25(OH)2-Vitamin-D3 attenuates Th17-related cytokines expression in peripheral blood mononuclear cells in patients with early-diagnosed rheumatoid arthritis].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Rheumatology, the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030001, China; Email: wenhongyan0509@aliyun.com.
  • 2Department of Rheumatology, the Second Hospital of Shanxi Medical University, Taiyuan 030001, China.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the effects of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 [1,25(OH)₂D₃] on T helper cell type 17 (Th17) cytokines and therapeutic mechanism in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

METHODS:

Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from healthy donors and RA patients were collected. The PBMCs were stimulated with anti-CD3/anti-CD28 monoclonal antibodies in the absence or presence of 1,25(OH)₂D₃and methotrexate (MTX). After co-culture, the serum levels of Th17 cytokines interleukin (IL)-17, IL-6, tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNFα) were analyzed by cytometric bead array (CBA). The level of IL-22 was analyzed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The independent samples t test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used for statistical analysis.

RESULTS:

The levels of cytokines IL-17, TNFα, IL-6 and IL-22 in RA group were significantly higher than those in the control group [(43 ± 6)ng/L, (5.91 ± 2.53)ng/L, (16.6 ± 12.0)ng/L, (51 ± 17)ng/L vs (21 ± 3)ng/L, (2.63 ± 0.27)ng/L, (4.2±2.3)ng/L, (22 ± 14)ng/L]. Each of the three different 1,25(OH)₂D₃doses inhibited secretion of IL-17[(533 ± 47) pg/ml, (426 ± 55)pg/ml, (319 ± 86)pg/ml], TNFα[(424 ± 82)pg/ml, (382 ± 79)pg/ml, (326 ± 87)pg/ml], and IL-6[(5 513 ± 3 429)pg/ml, (4 555 ± 3 157)pg/ml, (3 748 ± 1 919)pg/ml] in RA group (P < 0.05), yet no statistical difference was found in IL-22 secretion with a trend of decrease after treatment of 1,25(OH)₂D₃. Three different doses of MTX inhibited secretion of IL-17 [(452 ± 50) pg/ml, (372 ± 67) pg/ml, (315 ± 104)pg/ml] and TNFα [(319 ± 74)pg/ml, (292 ± 59)pg/ml, (266 ± 64)pg/ml] in RA group (P < 0.05).However, levels of IL-6 and IL-22 were not affected after treated with MTX.

CONCLUSION:

Our data indicated that 1,25(OH)₂D₃may play as an immune modulating agent to suppress Th17 cell cytokines. Supplement of vitamin D has the effective potential to treat patients with RA or other Th17 cell mediated autoimmune disorders.

PMID:
26268060
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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