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Mol Immunol. 2015 Oct;67(2 Pt B):276-86. doi: 10.1016/j.molimm.2015.06.021. Epub 2015 Jul 7.

Complement factor H, FHR-3 and FHR-1 variants associate in an extended haplotype conferring increased risk of atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome.

Author information

  • 1Unidad de Investigación, Hospital Universitario La Paz-IdiPAZ, Paseo de la Castellana 261, 28046 Madrid, Spain; Ciber de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), Madrid, Spain.
  • 2Unidad de Investigación, Hospital Universitario La Paz-IdiPAZ, Paseo de la Castellana 261, 28046 Madrid, Spain.
  • 3Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas, Ramiro de Maeztu 9, 28040 Madrid, Spain; Ciber de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), Madrid, Spain.
  • 4Unidad de Inmunología, Hospital Universitario La Paz-IdiPAZ, Paseo de la Castellana 261, 28046 Madrid, Spain; Ciber de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), Madrid, Spain.
  • 5Unidad de Investigación, Hospital Universitario La Paz-IdiPAZ, Paseo de la Castellana 261, 28046 Madrid, Spain; Ciber de Enfermedades Raras (CIBERER), Madrid, Spain. Electronic address: pilar.sanchezcorral@salud.madrid.org.

Abstract

Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) is a severe thrombotic microangiopathy affecting the renal microvasculature and is associated with complement dysregulation caused by mutations or autoantibodies. Disease penetrance and severity is modulated by inheritance of "risk" polymorphisms in the complement genes MCP, CFH and CFHR1. We describe the prevalence of mutations, the frequency of risk polymorphisms and the occurrence of anti-FH autoantibodies in a Spanish aHUS cohort (n=367). We also report the identification of a polymorphism in CFHR3 (c.721C>T; rs379370) that is associated with increased risk of aHUS (OR=1.78; CI 1.22-2.59; p=0.002), and is most frequently included in an extended risk haplotype spanning the CFH-CFHR3-CFHR1 genes. This extended haplotype integrates polymorphisms in the promoter region of CFH and CFHR3, and is associated with poorer evolution of renal function and decreased FH levels. The CFH-CFHR3-CFHR1 aHUS-risk haplotype seems to be the same as was previously associated with protection against meningococcal infections, suggesting that the genetic variability in this region is limited to a few extended haplotypes, each with opposite effects in various human diseases. These results suggest that the combination of quantitative and qualitative variations in the complement proteins encoded by CFH, CFHR3 and CFHR1 genes is key for the association of these haplotypes with disease.

Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome; Complement; Factor H; Factor H-related protein 1; Factor H-related protein 3; Haplotypes

PMID:
26163426
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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