Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Am J Prev Med. 2015 Aug;49(2):207-14. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2015.02.008. Epub 2015 Jun 16.

Firearm Ownership and Violent Crime in the U.S.: An Ecologic Study.

Author information

  • 1Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address: michael.monuteaux@childrens.harvard.edu.
  • 2Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts.
  • 3Harvard School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Although some view the ownership of firearms as a deterrent to crime, the relationship between population-level firearm ownership rates and violent criminal perpetration is unclear. The purpose of this study is to test the association between state-level firearm ownership and violent crime.

METHODS:

State-level rates of household firearm ownership and annual rates of criminal acts from 2001, 2002, and 2004 were analyzed in 2014. Firearm ownership rates were taken from a national survey and crime data were taken from the Federal Bureau of Investigation Uniform Crime Reports. Rates of criminal behavior were estimated as a function of household gun ownership using negative binomial regression models, controlling for several demographic factors.

RESULTS:

Higher levels of firearm ownership were associated with higher levels of firearm assault and firearm robbery. There was also a significant association between firearm ownership and firearm homicide, as well as overall homicide.

CONCLUSIONS:

The findings do not support the hypothesis that higher population firearm ownership rates reduce firearm-associated criminal perpetration. On the contrary, evidence shows that states with higher levels of firearm ownership have an increased risk for violent crimes perpetrated with a firearm. Public health stakeholders should consider the outcomes associated with private firearm ownership.

Copyright © 2015 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

PMID:
26091930
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk