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ASAIO Trans. 1989 Jul-Sep;35(3):570-2.

Performance of a new hybrid artificial liver support system using hepatocytes entrapped within a hydrogel.

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  • 1Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Tsukuba, Ibaraki, Japan.

Abstract

To develop a hybrid artificial liver support system (ALSS), the authors constructed a rotating-disk type ALSS using hepatocytes entrapped within a calcium alginate hydrogel. This module was designed in imitation of the gas-liquid contactor that uses the same principle. Forty disks with film-shaped hydrogel were mounted to a horizontal rotating axis and were kept in contact with blood. The concentration of hepatocytes in the gel varied from 1.9 X 10(9) to 1.7 X 10(10) cells/L gel. Entrapping hepatocytes within hydrogel kept the hepatocytes viable, and results of in vitro experiments showed ammonium metabolism and urea synthesis. The results of ex vivo perfusion experiments using cats with acute hepatic insufficiency indicated that this module had the ability to replace liver function in vivo.

PMID:
2597536
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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