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Anal Chem. 1989 Oct 15;61(20):2226-31.

High-sensitivity peptide mapping by capillary zone electrophoresis and microcolumn liquid chromatography, using immobilized trypsin for protein digestion.

Abstract

Procedures for the reduced-scale analysis of proteins by peptide mapping have been developed, allowing peptide maps to be obtained from picomole to femtomole quantities of protein. The use of trypsin immobilized on agarose gel and placed in a small reactor column has made it possible to reproducibility digest as little as 50 ng of protein. This represents a decrease in sample size of approximately 3 orders of magnitude from conventional tryptic digestion schemes. Separations of tryptic digests were accomplished by using either microcolumn high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) or capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE). Separations of 100 ng (4 pmol) of tryptic digest samples of beta-casein were achieved with microcolumn HPLC, while separations of approximately 2 ng (80 fmol) of beta-casein tryptic digest (from a total sample size of 50 ng) were possible with CZE. Peptide maps from phosphorylated and dephosphorylated forms of beta-casein were readily distinguishable using both separation methods, demonstrating an ability to detect a single amino acid modification in a protein. Relative standard deviations of peak retention or migration times were less than 3% for microcolumn HPLC and less than 1% for CZE.

PMID:
2596696
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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