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Br J Cancer. 1985 Apr;51(4):467-72.

Chemotherapy of metastatic seminoma.


Response to chemotherapy and survival was retrospectively analyzed in 28 patients with bulky retroperitoneal and disseminated seminoma treated between 1977 and 1983. The median age was 41 years (range: 23-52). All patients had histological evidence of pure testicular seminoma, however, 14 patients revealed moderate increases of human beta-chorionic gonadotropin levels. Prior radiotherapy had been given to 9/28 (32%) patients. Treatment consisted of at least four courses of simultaneous or sequentially alternating therapy with cisplatin, vinblastine, bleomycin plus/minus adriamycin (PVB +/- A), administration of ifosfamide or combination therapy with ifosfamide/cisplatin (IFS/DDP) or ifosfamide/etoposide (IFS/ETP). Twenty-five of 28 patients (89%) achieved a complete (CR), and 3/28 patients a partial remission. Relapse occurred in 1/8 CR patients after adjuvant postchemotherapeutic irradiation, and in 1/11 patients without any further radiotherapy. So far, 23/28 patients (82%) are free of disease after a median follow-up of 28+ (14+----82+) months. Marked myelosuppression was observed in previously irradiated patients, mainly after PVB +/- A therapy. In two patients, transient nephrotoxicity developed after PVB and IFS/DDP, respectively. After PVB +/- A chemotherapy, three patients revealed polyneuropathy, paralytic subileus and bleomycin-induced pneumonitis, respectively. In conclusion, the present series suggests a high probability of continuous CR in even bulky retroperitoneal and widespread metastatic seminoma. So far, no definite conclusions can be made on the therapeutic superiority of one of the different chemotherapeutic regimens used. However, this preliminary experience suggests that the combination of ifosfamide and etoposide or cisplatin may prove less toxic than sequentially alternating or simultaneous PVB +/- A chemotherapy.

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