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J Pharm Pharmacol. 1989 Oct;41(10):733-5.

Studies on the effects of omeprazole on thyroid function in the rat.

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  • 1Smith Kline & French Research Ltd, Welwyn, Herts, UK.


The effects of omeprazole (an H+, K+ -ATPase inhibitor) on thyroid parameters in rats have been examined. SK&F Wistar rats were dosed orally with omeprazole (up to 500 mg kg-1) or vehicle. Treatment for 7 or 14 days resulted in generally decreased plasma T3 concentrations in males (with little change or slight increases in females) and increased serum TSH concentrations (22%-68% increases). No changes were detected in thyroid 125I uptake or organification. Liver 5'-deiodinase activity was decreased in male rats after 7 days treatment. Thyroxine clearance was not altered after a single dose of omeprazole. In-vitro studies showed omeprazole to be only a weak inhibitor of TSH-stimulated 125I organification in cultured porcine thyrocytes. It is concluded that omeprazole has weak effects on the pituitary-thyroid-liver axis, its main action being to inhibit the peripheral deiodination of thyroid hormones.

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