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J Biol Chem. 1989 Dec 15;264(35):21038-42.

Beta-adrenergic and somatostatin receptors regulate Na-H exchange independent of cAMP.

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  • 1Department of Surgery/Section of Anatomy, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut 06510.


Activation of beta-adrenergic and somatostatin receptors increases and attenuates, respectively, cAMP. We have determined, however, that in enteric endocrine cells beta-adrenergic and somatostatin receptors also regulate Na-H exchange activity, independent of their effects on cAMP. In cells loaded with a pH-sensitive dye, epinephrine, acting at a beta 2-adrenergic receptor induced an alkalinization while somatostatin caused an acidification of intracellular pH (pHi). These pHi changes were dependent on extracellular Na+ and inhibited by amiloride. Forskolin, dibutyryl-cAMP and 8-bromo-cAMP, however, had no effect on pHi. Cholera toxin, while decreasing the EC50 for epinephrine-stimulated increases in cAMP, had no effect on epinephrine-induced alkalinization, suggesting receptor coupling to Na-H exchange was not mediated by a cholera toxin-sensitive stimulatory GTP-binding protein (Gs). Additionally, epinephrine stimulated Na-H exchange in cyc- variants of S49 lymphoma cells, which lack a fundamental Gs. In the presence of pertussis toxin, somatostatin attenuation of cAMP was completely reversed; however, somatostatin inhibition of Na-H exchange was not affected. We suggest that beta-adrenergic and somatostatin receptors regulate Na-H exchange independent of changes in cAMP and possibly independent of GTP-binding proteins previously described as being coupled to these receptors.

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