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Genomics. 1989 Aug;5(2):250-8.

Isolation, chromosomal localization, and nucleotide sequence of the human HOX 1.4 homeobox.

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  • 1Department of Biology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut 06511.


We have isolated a 14-kb DNA sequence containing a single homeobox from a low-stringency screen of a human genomic phage library by using heterologous homeobox sequences as probes. Chromosomal mapping of this clone using in situ hybridization to metaphase chromosomes and a panel of mouse x human somatic cell hybrids localized it to human chromosome 7p13-p15 in the region of the HOX 1 locus. We have sequenced the homeobox and show it has 100% identity to the deduced amino acid sequence of the mouse Hox-1.4 homeobox. We detect no restriction fragment length polymorphisms with the 14-kb clone, which is devoid of any moderately repetitive DNA sequences. This implies an inability of this region to tolerate change in sequence, consistent with a function highly conserved throughout evolution. The regions in the human genome where homeobox-containing loci reside share patterns of organization and sequence and have other gene loci in common, implying evolutionary constraints over these regions and providing clues on how they may have evolved.

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