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BMJ. 1989 Jul 15;299(6692):154-7.

Clinical course of primary HIV infection: consequences for subsequent course of infection.

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  • 1Department of Infectious Diseases, Hvidovre Hospital, Denmark.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To investigate the impact of the clinical course of the primary HIV infection on the subsequent course of the infection.

DESIGN:

Prospective documenting of seroconversion, follow up at six month intervals, and analysis of disease progression by life tables.

PATIENTS:

86 Men in whom seroconversion occurred within 12 months.

PRIMARY OUTCOME MEASURE:

Progression of HIV infection, defined as CD4 lymphocyte count less than 0.5 X 10(9)/l, recurrence of HIV antigenaemia, or progression to Centers for Disease Control group IV.

MAIN RESULTS:

Median follow up was 670 (range 45-1506) days. An acute illness like glandular fever occurred in 46 (53%) subjects. Three year progression rates to Centers for Disease Control group IV was 78% at three years for those who had longlasting illnesses (duration greater than or equal to 14 days) during seroconversion as compared with 10% for those who were free of symptoms or had mild illness. All six patients who developed AIDS had had longlasting primary illnesses. Three year progression rates to a CD4 lymphocyte count less than 0.5 X 10(9)/l and to recurrence of HIV antigenaemia were significantly higher for those who had longlasting primary illnesses than those who had no symptoms or mild illness (75% v 42% and 55% v 14%, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

The course of primary infection may determine the subsequent course of the infection.

PMID:
2569901
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC1837064
Free PMC Article
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