Display Settings:

Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Arch Gen Psychiatry. 1989 May;46(5):401-5.

Response to maintenance therapy in bipolar illness. Effect of index episode.

Author information

  • 1Department of Clinical Biostatistics, Merck Sharp & Dohme Research Laboratories, Rahway, NJ 07065.

Abstract

Most previous studies of long-term maintenance therapy for bipolar illness simply compared proportions of patients experiencing recurrences. This method is inadequate because the length of time until a recurrence is not taken into account and because data from patients who withdraw prematurely from the study without a recurrence are either ignored or analyzed improperly. More appropriate survival analytic techniques were applied to the data from the National Institute of Mental Health Collaborative Study of bipolar patients treated with lithium carbonate, imipramine hydrochloride, or both. An interaction between treatment and the nature of the index episode (the episode that brought the patients into the study) was found. In patients with manic index episodes, both lithium and the combination were superior to imipramine. In patients with depressive index episodes, the combination was significantly superior to imipramine, whereas lithium was indistinguishable from imipramine. The latter finding differs from the original analysis, which found the combination to be no different from the other two treatments for patients with a depressive index episode.

Comment in

PMID:
2540724
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk