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Ciba Found Symp. 1989;147:133-48; discussion 148-52.

Low affinity IgE receptors: regulation and functional roles in cell activation.

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  • 1Institute of Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Kyoto University, Japan.


The low affinity IgE receptors (Fc epsilon RII/CD23) homologous to animal lectins have the unique property of cleaving-off the extracytoplasmic portion as the soluble form (IgE binding factor; IgE-BF). Molecular analysis using Fc epsilon RII/CD23 cDNA proved that Fc epsilon RII is not unique to B lymphocytes but is expressed on a variety of cell lineages including T lymphocytes, macrophages and eosinophils. In these cell types, IL-4 is a general inducer of this molecule while IFN-gamma down-regulates B cell Fc epsilon RII/CD23 and up-regulates Fc epsilon RII/CD23 on macrophage and eosinophil cell lines. As predicted by the expression of Fc epsilon RII/CD23 in some HTLV-1(+) T cell lines, Fc epsilon RII/CD23 proved to be induced on normal peripheral T lymphocytes by IL-4 or IL-2 in the presence of additional permissive signals. As indicated by IL-2-dependent Fc epsilon RII/CD23 induction, there is an interesting bilateral co-regulation between Fc epsilon RII/CD23 and the 55 kDa chain of the IL-2 receptor complex with Tac antigen (IL-2R/p55(Tac]. Triggering of Fc epsilon RII/CD23 resulted in the enhanced expression of IL-2R/p55(Tac), whereas IL-2 enhanced the expression of Fc epsilon RII/CD23 in some systems. It is suggested that the triggering of cell surface Fc epsilon RII/CD23 by natural ligands is effectively buffered by soluble Fc epsilon RII/CD23 (IgE-BF).

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