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Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol. 1989 Nov;340(5):486-94.

5.HT1 receptors in the vertebrate brain. Regional distribution examined by autoradiography.

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  • 1Preclinical Research, Sandoz Ltd., Basel, Switzerland.


The regional distribution of high affinity [3H]5-HT recognition sites in the brain of several vertebrates (pigeon, rat, mouse, guinea-pig, cat, dog, monkey and human) was analyzed using in vitro autoradiography. The presence of subtypes of 5-HT1 binding sites was investigated by selective displacements with 8-OH-DPAT, mesulergine and (+/-)SDZ 21-009 at appropriate concentrations to block 5-HT1A, 5-HT1C and 5-HT1B sites respectively. In addition, 5-HT1A and 5-HT1C sites were directly visualized with the more selective radioligands [3H]8-OH-DPAT and [3H]mesulergine, respectively. In the pigeon brain, total [3H]5-HT binding sites were enriched in all telencephalic areas. Densely labelled regions were also present in the optic tectum and the brainstem. No binding was observed in the cerebellum. 8-OH-DPAT and mesulergine only displaced a small proportion of [3H]5-HT binding in most of the areas where high concentrations of 5-HT1 sites were found. (+/-)SDZ 21-009 did not affect [3H]5-HT binding in the regions examined. Taking into account our pharmacological studies, these results suggest that the majority of 5-HT1 sites belong to the 5-HT1D subtype in the pigeon brain. In the mammalian species investigated high levels of [3H]5-HT binding were found in the neo-cortex, hippocampal formation, basal ganglia and related structures (substantia nigra), raphe dorsalis, nucleus superior colliculus and choroid plexus. However, these brain areas were differentially enriched in subtypes of 5-HT1 recognition sites.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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