Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 1989 Aug;86(15):5805-9.

Xenopus homolog of the mos protooncogene transforms mammalian fibroblasts and induces maturation of Xenopus oocytes.

Author information

  • 1Department of Chemistry, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093.


The oncogene v-mos transforms mammalian fibroblasts and encodes a serine/threonine protein kinase. Expression of the c-mos protooncogene is most abundant in germ cells, suggesting a normal role for c-mos in meiosis. Here we describe the isolation of cDNA clones containing the complete coding region of the Xenopus laevis homolog of c-mos (mosxe). The mosxe gene is transforming when introduced into murine NIH 3T3 cells, and transformation is abrogated by a lysine-to-arginine mutation in the canonical ATP-binding site. Microinjection of in vitro transcribed mosxe RNA into prophase-arrested Xenopus oocytes causes a resumption of meiosis, leading to germinal vesicle breakdown and oocyte maturation. Oocyte maturation was not observed after microinjection of in vitro transcribed mosxe RNA encoding the lysine-to-arginine mutation. These results demonstrate that the mosxe-encoded protein can induce progression through the cell cycle for both meiotic and mitotic cells and that this property is dependent on the presumptive ATP-binding domain in the protein kinase.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk