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J Immunol. 1989 Jun 1;142(11):3868-74.

Superinduction of the murine B cell Fc epsilon RII by T helper cell clones. Role of IL-4.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, MD 21205.


Th cell clones are known to induce an IL-4 dependent polyclonal IgE synthesis. Because IL-4 can induce the expression of the low affinity FcR for IgE (Fc epsilon RII) the ability of Th cell clones to induce Fc epsilon RII on purified splenic B cells was analyzed. It was found that a TH2 clone could cause a 50- to 100-fold superinduction of Fc epsilon RII after 2 days in culture; after 3 days, the Fc epsilon RII levels had almost returned to base line. The superinduction was inhibited by an anti-IL-4 antibody, 11B11, indicating its dependence on IL-4. A TH1 clone could cause a modest (four fold) induction of Fc epsilon RII, and this induction was not influenced by 11B11. A similar Fc epsilon RII induction was seen when using the supernatant from activated TH1 cells. The component(s) causing this relatively low level Fc epsilon RII induction is not known; a variety of known lymphokines were tested, and only IL-4 demonstrated any capacity for Fc epsilon RII induction on LPS-activated B cells. Addition of rIL-4 at concentrations of 400 U/ml or greater to the TH1 culture was sufficient to cause a Fc epsilon RII superinduction similar to that seen with the TH2 clone, while 40 U/ml was not. In order to determine a potential role for the Fc epsilon RII or its soluble fragment on the IgE synthesis mediated by TH2, a monoclonal anti-Fc epsilon RII, B3B4, was added to the culture. The addition of B3B4 did not have an influence on IgE levels in this system.

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