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J Asthma. 2015 Apr;52(3):318-26. doi: 10.3109/02770903.2014.956894. Epub 2014 Nov 25.

Assessing asthma control and associated risk factors among persons with current asthma - findings from the child and adult Asthma Call-back Survey.

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  • 1Division of Environmental Hazards and Health Effects, National Center for Environmental Health, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention , Atlanta, GA , USA.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Monitoring the level of asthma control is important in determining the effectiveness of current treatment which may decrease the frequency and intensity of symptoms and functional limitations. Uncontrolled asthma has been associated with decreased quality of life and increased health care use. The objectives of this study were to assess the level of asthma control and identify related risk factors among persons with current asthma.

METHODS:

Using the 2006 to 2010 BRFSS child and adult Asthma Call-back Survey, asthma control was classified as well-controlled or uncontrolled (not-well-controlled or very-poorly-controlled) using three impairment measures: daytime symptoms, night-time symptoms, and taking short-acting β2-agonists for symptom control. Multivariate logistic regression identified predictors of asthma control.

RESULTS:

Fifty percent of adults and 38.4% of children with current asthma had uncontrolled asthma. About 63% of children and 53% of adults with uncontrolled asthma were on long-term asthma control medications. Among children, uncontrolled asthma was significantly associated with being younger than 5 years, having annual household income <$15,000, and reporting cost as barriers to medical care. Among adults, it was significantly associated with being 45 years or older, having annual household income of <$25,000, being "other" race, having less than a 4-year college degree, being a current or former smoker, reporting cost as barriers, being obese, and having chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or depression.

CONCLUSION:

Identifying and targeting modifiable predictors of uncontrolled asthma (low educational attainment, low income, cigarette smoking, and co-morbid conditions including obesity and depression) could improve asthma control.

KEYWORDS:

Asthma; comorbidity; environment; obesity; risk factors

PMID:
25144551
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PMCID:
PMC4552346
Free PMC Article
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