Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Eur J Biochem. 1989 Nov 6;185(2):271-9.

Dissection of laminin by cathepsin G into its long-arm and short-arm structures and localization of regions involved in calcium dependent stabilization and self-association.

Author information

  • 1Abteilung Biophysikalische Chemie, Biozentrum der Universit├Ąt, Basel, Switzerland.


Native laminin-nidogen complex isolated from mouse Engelbreth-Holm-Swarm tumor was treated with purified cathepsin G or leucocyte elastase, two neutral serine proteases which play a role in inflammatory processes accompanied by degradation of basement membranes. Both enzymes were found to be more active than porcine pancreatic elastase. In the absence of Ca2+, laminin fragments produced by leucocyte elastase resembled those formed by the pancreatic enzyme but at physiological concentrations of Ca2+ cleavage by cathepsin G was much more selective. Initially laminin (900 kDa) was cleaved at two major sites only with similar rates leading to three fragments. Fragment C1-4 (about 550 kDa) comprises the intact three short arms of the molecule and fragment C8-9 (about 350 kDa) contains the entire triple-coiled region by which its three chains are assembled and the major part of the terminal globular domain of the long arm. The remaining C-terminal region of this domain was recovered as fragment C3 of about 50 kDa. Stabilization against proteolytic attack was restricted to the region of fragment C1-4 and only this fragment exhibited strong Ca2+ dependent self-association similar to that of intact laminin or of its complex with nidogen. The associative properties of fragment C1-4 were dramatically diminished upon removal of the tip of one of the short arms comprising fragment 4. In addition, this provides a clear assignment of the important laminin function to a distinct domain in one of its short arms. The new fragment C8-9 may be employed for exploring the properties and possible functions of the upper long-arm region which so far has not been available as a fragment.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Wiley
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk