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Eat Behav. 2014 Aug;15(3):460-3. doi: 10.1016/j.eatbeh.2014.06.010. Epub 2014 Jun 20.

Resilience Scale-25 Spanish version: validation and assessment in eating disorders.

Author information

  • 1Universidad de Deusto-Red de Investigación en Servicios Sanitarios de Salud en Enfermedades Crónicas (REDISSEC) & Kronikgune, Avenida de las Universidades, 24, 48007 Vizcaya, Spain. Electronic address: carlota.lashayas@deusto.es.
  • 2Psychology Department of Personality, Assessment and Treatment, Universidad de Deusto, Avenida de las Universidades, 24, 48007 Vizcaya, Spain. Electronic address: esther.calvete@deusto.es.
  • 3Hospital Universitario Marqués Valdecilla & Center for Biomedical Research in Mental Health (CIBERSAM), Avda Valdecilla s/n, 39002 Cantabria, Spain. Electronic address: andresgomez@humv.es.
  • 4Hospital General de Ciudad Real, Carretera de Valdepeñas, 5, 3-4 B, 13004, Ciudad Real, Spain. Electronic address: lbeato@terra.com.
  • 5Psychiatry Service, Ortuella Mental Health Center, Av Minero 1, 48530 Vizcaya, Spain. Electronic address: pedrojose.munozdominguez@osakidetza.net.
  • 6Hospital de Galdakao-Usansolo-Red de Investigación en Servicios Sanitarios de Salud en Enfermedades Crónicas (REDISSEC), Barrio Labeaga s/n, 48960 Vizcaya, Spain. Electronic address: jesusangel.padiernaacero@osakidetza.net.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To validate into Spanish the Wagnild and Young Resilience Scale - 25 (RS-25), assess and compare the scores on the scale among women from the general population, eating disorder (ED) patients and recovered ED patients.

METHOD:

This is a cross-sectional study. ED participants were invited to participate by their respective therapists. The sample from the general population was gathered via an open online survey. Participants (N general population=279; N ED patients=124; and N recovered ED patients=45) completed the RS-25, the World Health Organization Quality of Life Scale-BREF and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. Mean age of participants ranged from 28.87 to 30.42years old. Statistical analysis included a multi-group confirmatory factor analysis and ANOVA.

RESULTS:

The two-factor model of the RS-25 produced excellent fit indexes. Measurement invariance across samples was generally supported. The ANOVA found statistically significant differences in the RS-25 mean scores between the ED patients (Mean=103.13, SD=31.32) and the recovered ED participants (Mean=138.42, SD=22.26) and between the ED patients and the general population participants (Mean=136.63, SD=19.56).

DISCUSSION:

The Spanish version of the RS-25 is a psychometrically sound measurement tool in samples of ED patients. Resilience is lower in people diagnosed with ED than in recovered individuals and the general population.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Eating disorders; Multi-group confirmatory factor analysis; Resilience; Resilience Scale; Spanish; Validation

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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