Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Mol Cancer Res. 2014 Dec;12(12):1717-28. doi: 10.1158/1541-7786.MCR-14-0088-T. Epub 2014 Jul 25.

Unbiased proteomic and transcript analyses reveal that stathmin-1 silencing inhibits colorectal cancer metastasis and sensitizes to 5-fluorouracil treatment.

Author information

  • 1Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
  • 2Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore.
  • 3Department of Biochemistry, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Science, National University of Singapore, Singapore. maxey_chung@nuhs.edu.sg.

Abstract

Colorectal cancer metastasis is a major cause of mortality worldwide, which may only be controlled with novel methods limiting tumor dissemination and chemoresistance. High stathmin-1 (STMN1) expression was previously established as a hallmark of colorectal cancer progression and predictor of poor survival; however, the mechanism of action is less clear. This work demonstrates that STMN1 silencing arrests tumor-disseminative cascades by inhibiting multiple metastatic drivers, and repressing oncogenic and mesenchymal transcription. Using a sensitive iTRAQ labeling proteomic approach that quantified differential abundance of 4562 proteins, targeting STMN1 expression was shown to reinstate the default cellular program of metastatic inhibition, and promote cellular adhesion via amplification of hemidesmosomal junctions and intermediate filament tethering. Silencing STMN1 also significantly improved chemoresponse to the classical colorectal cancer therapeutic agent, 5FU, via a novel caspase-6 (CASP6)-dependent mechanism. Interestingly, the prometastatic function of STMN1 was independent of p53 but required phosphorylations at S25 or S38; abrogating phosphorylative events may constitute an alternative route to achieving metastatic inhibition. These findings establish STMN1 as a potential target in antimetastatic therapy, and demonstrate the power of an approach coupling proteomics and transcript analyses in the global assessment of treatment benefits and potential side-effects.

IMPLICATIONS:

Stathmin-1 is a potential candidate in colorectal cancer therapy that targets simultaneously the twin problems of metastatic spread and chemoresistance.

©2014 American Association for Cancer Research.

PMID:
25063586
[PubMed - in process]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk