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Curr Treat Options Gastroenterol. 2014 Sep;12(3):350-8. doi: 10.1007/s11938-014-0026-7.

Total pancreatectomy with islet cell auto-transplantation: update and outcomes from major centers.

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  • 1Cleveland Clinic, Digestive Disease Institute, 9500 Euclid Ave, Mail Code A-100, Cleveland, OH, 44195, USA, Alin2@ccf.org.

Abstract

OPINION STATEMENT:

Chronic pancreatitis is the result of irreversible damage to pancreatic acinar cells, and can result in debilitating chronic pain for patients. Treatment centers on pain relief, often with chronic narcotic use. Surgical therapy consists of both resection procedures to remove affected pancreatic parenchyma and drainage procedures to facilitate drainage of the main pancreatic duct. Total pancreatectomy historically was utilized in extreme cases due to the brittle glucose control that followed from the total loss of islet cells. Total pancreatectomy with islet cell auto-transplantation (TP-AIT) is gaining in popularity due to the maintenance of beta cell mass and the ability of patients to potentially be insulin independent post-operatively. TP-AIT is very helpful in the treatment of pain for patients with chronic pancreatitis. The overall majority of patients have an improvement in pain and quality-of-life scores. AIT also allows the majority of patients to have minimal insulin requirements post-operatively. With proper patient selection, these outcomes can be achieved.

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