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DNA. 1989 May;8(4):279-85.

Transforming growth factor-alpha stimulates proto-oncogene c-jun expression and a mitogenic program in primary cultures of adult rat hepatocytes.

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  • 1Department of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, La Jolla 92093.

Abstract

Human transforming growth factor-alpha (TGF-alpha, MW 5547) initiates a mitogenic program in "quiescent" 11-to 13-day-old primary cultures of adult rat hepatocytes. Using validated growth reinitiation assays and chemically defined conditions (Koch and Leffert, 1979a) that simulate proto-oncogene expression in regenerating liver (Kruijer et al., 1986), we find that 5.4 nM TGF-alpha stimulates: (i) increases in rates of amiloride-sensitive 22Na+ uptake; (ii) a transient induction in steady-state mRNA levels of proto-oncogene c-jun; (iii) specific increases in hepatocyte nuclear [3H]dT labeling indices, augmented synergistically by insulin and glucagon; and (iv) increases in rates of S-phase entry. Comparative studies indicate that TGF-alpha is a more effective hepatocyte growth promoter than mouse epidermal growth factor. These observations, and published reports linking normal and cancerous liver as biosynthetic sources of TGF-alpha, suggest an autocrine or paracrine role for TGF-alpha in the control of hepatic growth, regeneration, and gene expression.

PMID:
2504570
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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