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IEEE Trans Biomed Eng. 2015 Apr;62(4):1034-41.

Patient-specific cortical electrodes for sulcal and gyral implantation.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Noninvasive localization of certain brain functions may be mapped on a millimetre level. However, the interelectrode spacing of common clinical brain surface electrodes still remains around 10 mm. Here, we present details on development of electrodes for attaining higher quality electrocorticographic signals for use in functional brain mapping and brain-machine interface (BMI) technologies.

METHODS:

We used platinum-plate-electrodes of 1-mm diameter to produce sheet electrodes after the creation of individualized molds using a 3-D printer and a press system that sandwiched the electrodes between personalized silicone sheets.

RESULTS:

We created arrays to fit the surface curvature of the brain and inside the central sulcus, with interelectrode distances of 2.5 mm (a density of 16 times previous standard types). Rat experiments undertaken indicated no long term toxicity. We were also able to custom design, rapidly manufacture, safely implant, and confirm the efficacy of personalized electrodes, including the capability to attain meaningful high-gamma-band information in an amyotrophic lateral sclerosis patient.

CONCLUSION:

We developed cortical sheet electrodes with a high-spatial resolution, tailor-made to match an individual's brain.

SIGNIFICANCE:

This sheet electrode may contribute to the higher performance of BMI's.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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