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Sci Rep. 2014 Jul 16;4:5708. doi: 10.1038/srep05708.

Switchable scattering meta-surfaces for broadband terahertz modulation.

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  • 11] Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States [2].
  • 2Electrical Engineering and Computer Science Department, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, United States.


Active tuning and switching of electromagnetic properties of materials is of great importance for controlling their interaction with electromagnetic waves. In spite of their great promise, previously demonstrated reconfigurable metamaterials are limited in their operation bandwidth due to their resonant nature. Here, we demonstrate a new class of meta-surfaces that exhibit electrically-induced switching in their scattering parameters at room temperature and over a broad range of frequencies. Structural configuration of the subwavelength meta-molecules determines their electromagnetic response to an incident electromagnetic radiation. By reconfiguration of the meta-molecule structure, the strength of the induced electric field and magnetic field in the opposite direction to the incident fields are varied and the scattering parameters of the meta-surface are altered, consequently. We demonstrate a custom-designed meta-surface with switchable scattering parameters at a broad range of terahertz frequencies, enabling terahertz intensity modulation with record high modulation depths and modulation bandwidths through a fully integrated, voltage-controlled device platform at room temperature.

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