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J Adolesc. 2014 Aug;37(6):915-25. doi: 10.1016/j.adolescence.2014.06.010. Epub 2014 Jul 12.

Parenting practices and adolescent smoking in mainland China: the mediating effect of smoking-related cognitions.

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  • 1Department of Child and Family Studies, Syracuse University, USA. Electronic address:
  • 2Department of Child and Family Studies, Syracuse University, USA.
  • 3Department of Public Health, Syracuse University, USA.


This study examined the direct and indirect associations of general and smoking-specific parenting practices with Chinese adolescents' smoking behaviors. Adolescents aged 14-17 years (N = 658) and their parents were recruited from three high schools in mainland China. Adolescents completed an anonymous online survey on their smoking behaviors, perceptions of parenting behaviors, and smoking-related cognitions including attitude, subjective norm, and perceived behavioral control. Parents completed a paper-and-pencil questionnaire on their parenting behaviors. Results indicated that psychological control and frequency of communication about smoking were positively linked to adolescent smoking through the mediation of two smoking-related cognitions-attitude and subjective norm. Parental knowledge of adolescent activities, disapproval of adolescent smoking, and home rules were negatively linked to adolescent smoking through the mediation of attitude and subjective norm. Results suggest that parenting practices and smoking-related cognitions are critical components to be incorporated in prevention and intervention programs for adolescent smoking in China.

Copyright © 2014 The Foundation for Professionals in Services for Adolescents. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.


Adolescent smoking; Chinese adolescents; Parenting practices; Smoking-related cognitions

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