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J Neurosci Rural Pract. 2014 Jul;5(3):231-43. doi: 10.4103/0976-3147.133566.

Intracranial nonvestibular neurinomas: Young neurosurgeons' experience.

Author information

  • 1Department of Neurosurgery, Dhaka Medical College Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • 2Department of ENT and Head Neck Surgery, Shohid Shawrowardi Medical College and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh.
  • 3Department of Neurosurgery, Seth GS Medical College and KEM Hospital, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES:

Neurinoma arising from other than nonvestibular cranial nerves is less prevalent. Here we present our experiences regarding the clinical profile, investigations, microneurosurgical management, and the outcome of nonvestibular cranial nerve neurinomas.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

From January 2005 to December 2011, the recorded documents of operated nonvestibular intracranial neurinomas were retrospectively studied for clinical profile, investigations, microneurosurgical management, complications, follow-up, and outcomes.

RESULTS:

The average follow-up was 24.5 months. Total number of cases was 30, with age ranging from 9 to 60 years. Sixteen cases were males and 14 were females. Nonvestibular cranial nerve schwannomas most commonly originated from trigeminal nerve followed by glossopharyngeal+/vagus nerve. There were three abducent nerve schwannomas that are very rare. There was no trochlear nerve schwannoma. Two glossopharyngeal+/vagus nerve schwannomas extended into the neck through jugular foramen and one extended into the upper cervical spinal canal. Involved nerve dysfunction was a common clinical feature except in trigeminal neurinomas where facial pain was a common feature. Aiming for no new neurodeficit, total resection of the tumor was done in 24 cases, and near-total resection or gross total resection or subtotal resection was done in 6 cases. Preoperative symptoms improved or disappeared in 25 cases. New persistent deficit occurred in 3 cases. Two patients died postoperatively. There was no recurrence of tumor till the last follow-up.

CONCLUSION:

Nonvestibular schwannomas are far less common, but curable benign lesions. Surgical approach to the skull base and craniovertebral junction is a often complex and lengthy procedure associated with chances of significant morbidity. But early diagnosis, proper investigations, and evaluation, along with appropriate decision making and surgical planning with microsurgical techniques are the essential factors that can result in optimum outcome.

KEYWORDS:

Intracranial; microneurosurgical management; neurilemmomas; neurinomas; nonvestibular; schwannomas

PMID:
25002761
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC4078606
Free PMC Article

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