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Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi. 2014 Jun;22(3):692-7. doi: 10.7534/j.issn.1009-2137.2014.03.022.

[Comparison of the anti-leukemia effect and mechanism of L-asparaginase between two different strains].

[Article in Chinese]

Author information

  • 1Department of Paediatrics, SUN Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, SUN Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510120, Guangdong Province, China.
  • 2Department of Paediatrics, SUN Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, SUN Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510120, Guangdong Province, China. E-mail:


This study was purposed to compare the anti-leukemic effects of E.coli-L-Asp and Erwinia-L-Asp in vitro, and to investigate their mechanism. The cell apoptosis and proliferation inhibition rate were measured by CCK-8 kit, and IC50 of two drugs was calculated by using SPSS software. Pro-apoptosis effect of E.coli-L-Asp and Erwinia-L-Asp on REH and Jurkat cell lines was also determined by flow cytometry with Annexin V/PI double staining. Concentration changes of 4 amino acids (Asn, Aspa, Gln, and Glu) before and after medication were detected by using high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) assay. The results showed that both REH and Jurkat cell lines were sensitive to L-Asp drugs from two different strains, and E.coli-L-Asp and Erwinia-L-Asp displayed the inhibition effect on the proliferation of Jurkat and REH cell lines in dose-dependent and time-dependent manners. The inhibition cell of proliferation and cell apoptosis in Erwinia-L-Asp group were higher than those in E.coli-L-Asp group after 24 hours (P < 0.05) . However, after treatment of REN and Jurkat cells with 2 kind of L-Asp for 48 hours, the inhibition of cell proliferation and apoptosis rates were not significantly different between the 2 L-Asp drugs (P > 0.05). The Asn in medium could be depleted by two different L-Asp drugs with low concentration. Both the two L-Asp drugs had the same capability to deplete the Asn surrounding leukemia cells (P > 0.05). The Gln in medium could be depleted by two L-Asp drugs with high concentration. The hydrolysis effect of Erwinia-L-Asp on Gln was stronger than that of E.coli-L-Asp (P < 0.05). It is concluded that in a certain range of concentrations, E.coli-L-Asp and Erwinia-L-Asp exert anti-leukemia effect in dose-dependent manner. Depletion of Gln and Asn in surrounding environment and induction of cell apoptosis are two potential mechanisms, by which leukemia cells can be killed. Erwinia-L-Asp may be chosen as the first-line drug to treat childhood ALL for its fast action and stronger hydrolysis effect on Gln.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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