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FEBS Lett. 1989 May 22;249(1):27-30.

Regulation of interleukin-6 receptor expression in human monocytes and hepatocytes.

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  • 1Medizinische Universit√§tsklinik Freiburg, FRG.


Human blood monocytes normally express the interleukin-6 receptor. Treatment of cultured monocytes with endotoxin, interleukin-1 beta, or interleukin-6 results in a decrease in interleukin-6 receptor mRNA levels. Glucocorticoids aso cause a drop in monocytic interleukin-6 receptor mRNA levels. We also found interleukin-6 receptor expression in cultured human hepatocytes, but in contrast to monocytes, where interleukin-6 receptor mRNA is presented by the ligand and by interleukin-1, treatment of hepatocytes with interleukin-6 or interleukin-1 resulted in increased interleukin-6 receptor mRNA levels. Induction of interleukin-6 receptor mRNA in hepatocytes was less pronounced when glucocorticoids were omitted from the culture medium. We conclude that during noninflammatory homeostasis, blood monocytes are involved in binding of trace amounts of circulating interleukin-6. During inflammatory events, the main target of interleukin-6 may be changed from the monocytic population not only to activated B-cells, but also to the hepatocytes.

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