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J Chromatogr A. 2014 Aug 15;1355:143-8. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2014.06.008. Epub 2014 Jun 7.

High capacity cryogel-type adsorbents for protein purification.

Author information

  • 1Downstream Bioprocessing Laboratory, School of Engineering and Science, Jacobs University, Campus Ring 1, D-28759 Bremen, Germany.
  • 2Laboratorio de Materiales Biotecnológicos, Depto. de Ciencia y Tecnología, Universidad Nacional de Quilmes, Roque Sáenz Peña 352 (B1876BXD), Bernal, Argentina.
  • 3Downstream Bioprocessing Laboratory, School of Engineering and Science, Jacobs University, Campus Ring 1, D-28759 Bremen, Germany. Electronic address: m.fernandez-lahore@jacobs-university.de.

Abstract

Cryogel bodies were modified to obtain epoxy groups by graft-copolymerization using both chemical and gamma irradiation initiation techniques. The free epoxy adsorbents were reacted further to introduce diethylaminoethanol (DEAE) functionalities. The resulting weak anion-exchange cryogel adsorbents showed dynamic binding capacities of ca. 27±3mg/mL, which was significantly higher than previously reported for this type of adsorbent material. Gamma irradiated grafting initiation showed a 4-fold higher capacity for proteins than chemical grafting initiation procedures. The phosphate capacity for these DEAE cryogels was 119mmol/L and also showed similar column efficiency as compared to commercial adsorbents. The large pores in the cryogel structure ensure convective transport of the molecules to active binding sites located on the polymer-grafted surface of cryogels. However, as cryogels have relatively large pores (10-100μm), the BET area available for surface activation is low, and consequently, the capacity of the cryogels is relatively low for biomolecules, especially when compared to commercial beaded adsorbents. Nevertheless, we have shown that gamma ray mediated surface grafting of cryogel matrices greatly enhance their functional and adsorptive properties.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Dynamic binding capacity; Megaporous cryogels; Monoliths; Protein chromatography; Weak anion-exchange

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