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Appl Opt. 2014 Jun 20;53(18):3884-9. doi: 10.1364/AO.53.003884.

In vitro photoacoustic measurement of hemoglobin oxygen saturation using a single pulsed broadband supercontinuum laser source.


We have utilized a single pulsed broadband supercontinuum laser source to photoacoustically sense total hemoglobin concentration (HbT) and oxygen saturation of hemoglobin (SO2) in bloods in vitro. Unlike existing expensive and bulky laser systems typically used for functional photoacoustic imaging (PAI), our laser system is relatively cost-effective and compact. Instead of using two single wavelengths, two wavelength bands were applied to distinguish the concentrations of two different chromophores in the mixture. In addition, we have successfully extracted the total dye concentration and the ratio of the red dye concentration to the total dye concentration in mixed red and blue dye solutions in phantoms. The results indicate that PAI with a cheap and compact fiber based laser source can potentially provide HbT and SO2 in live animals in vivo.

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