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J Pediatr Orthop. 2015 Mar;35(2):144-50. doi: 10.1097/BPO.0000000000000246.

Outcome of patients with Legg-Calvé-Perthes onset before 6 years of age.

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  • 1*Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Chiba University †Chiba Children and Adult Orthopaedic Clinic ‡Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Chiba Children's Hospital, Chiba City, Chiba, Japan.



The prognosis of Legg-Calvé-Perthes disease (LCPD) in young patients has been accepted as favorable. The purpose of this study was to clarify the outcome of LCPD patients with onset before 6 years of age.


From 1989 to 2007, of 332 LCPD patients, 114 hips (in 100 patients) were diagnosed before 6 years of age (mean age, 4.5 y old) with subsequent repair of the epiphysis in all cases. Waldenström classification at presentation was initial stage in 76 hips and fragmentation stage in 38 hips. Lateral pillar classification was group A in 17 hips, group B in 22 hips, group B/C in 24 hips, and group C in 51 hips. Treatment methods were observation with restriction of activity alone in 42 hips and several containment treatments in 72 hips.


At the mean age of 14, Stulberg classification was class I in 26 hips, II in 46 hips, III in 28 hips, and IV in 14 hips. These data show an acceptable outcome in 72 of 114 hips (63%). Logistic regression analysis revealed that lateral pillar classification (odds ratio, 3.6) and good range of abduction without treatment (odds ratio, 4.0) were prognostic factors.


Poor outcome was observed even in patients before 6 years of age with large necrotic area. Lateral pillar classification and good range of abduction were prognostic factors.


Level IV. Therapeutic studies-investigating the results of treatment. Case series.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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