Format

Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
J Surg Res. 2014 Nov;192(1):124-33. doi: 10.1016/j.jss.2014.05.049. Epub 2014 May 23.

Fluorescence-guided surgery of prostate cancer bone metastasis.

Author information

  • 1AntiCancer, Inc, San Diego, California; Department of Surgery, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan.
  • 2Department of Surgery, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California.
  • 3AntiCancer, Inc, San Diego, California; Department of Surgery, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California.
  • 4AntiCancer, Inc, San Diego, California.
  • 5Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan.
  • 6Department of Surgery, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, California. Electronic address: mbouvet@ucsd.edu.
  • 7Department of Physiology, Kanazawa University Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kanazawa, Ishikawa, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The aim of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of fluorescence-guided surgery (FGS) of prostate cancer experimental skeletal metastasis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Green fluorescent protein-expressing PC-3 human prostate cancer cells (PC-3-green fluorescent protein) were injected into the intramedullary cavity of the tibia in 32 nude mice. After 2 wk, 16 of the mice underwent FGS; the other 16 mice underwent bright-light surgery (BLS). Half of BLS and FGS mice (8 mice in each group) received zoledronic acid (ZOL). Weekly fluorescence imaging of the mice was performed. Six weeks after surgery, metastases to lung and inguinal lymph node were evaluated by fluorescence imaging.

RESULTS:

The percentage of residual tumor after BLS and FGS was 9.9 ± 2.2% and 0.9 ± 0.3%, respectively (P < 0.001). FGS reduced recurrent cancer growth compared with BLS (P < 0.005). Although FGS alone had no significant effect on inguinal lymph node metastases, lung metastasis or disease-free survival (DFS), ZOL in combination with FGS significantly increased DFS (P = 0.01) in comparison with the combination of BLS and ZOL. ZOL reduced lymph node metastases (P = 0.033) but not lung metastasis.

CONCLUSIONS:

FGS significantly reduced recurrence of experimental prostate cancer bone metastasis compared with BLS. The combination of FGS and ZOL increased DFS over BLS and ZOL. ZOL inhibited lymph node metastasis but not lung metastasis.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Bone metastasis; Bright-light surgery; Fluorescence-guided surgery; GFP; Nude mice; Prostate cancer; Zoledronic acid

PMID:
24972740
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk