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Steroids. 2014 Oct;88:66-71. doi: 10.1016/j.steroids.2014.06.014. Epub 2014 Jun 24.

Novel oxazolinyl derivatives of pregna-5,17(20)-diene as 17α-hydroxylase/17,20-lyase (CYP17A1) inhibitors.

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  • 1Orekhovich Institute of Biomedical Chemistry RAMS, Moscow, Russia.
  • 2Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology RAS, Moscow, Russia.
  • 3Engelhardt Institute of Molecular Biology RAS, Moscow, Russia. Electronic address:


New oxazolinyl derivatives of [17(20)E]-pregna-5,17(20)-diene: 2'-{[(E)-3β-hydroxyandrost-5-en-17-ylidene]methyl}-4',5'-dihydro-1',3'-oxazole 1 and 2'-{[(E)-3β-hydroxyandrost-5-en-17-ylidene]methyl}-4',4'-dimethyl-4',5'-dihydro-1',3'-oxazole 2 were evaluated as potential CYP17A1 inhibitors in comparison with 17-(pyridin-3-yl)androsta-5,16-dien-3β-ol 3 (abiraterone). Differential absorption spectra of human recombinant CYP17A1 in the presence of compound 1 (λmax=422 nm, λmin=386 nm) and compound 2 (λmax=416 nm) indicated significant differences in enzyme/inhibitors complexes. CYP17A1 activity was measured using electrochemical methods. Inhibitory activity of compound 1 was comparable with abiraterone 3 (IC50=0.9±0.1 μM, and IC50=1.3±0.1 μM, for compounds 1 and 3, respectively), while compound 2 was found to be weaker inhibitor (IC50=13±1 μM). Docking of aforementioned compounds to CYP17A1 revealed that steroid fragments of compound 1 and abiraterone 3 occupied close positions; oxazoline cycle of compound 1 was coordinated with heme iron similarly to pyridine cycle of abiraterone 3. Configuration of substituents at 17(20) double bond in preferred docked position corresponded to Z-isomers of compounds 1 and 2. Presence of 4'-substituents in oxazoline ring of compound 2 prevents coordination of oxazoline nitrogen with heme iron and worsens its docking score in comparison with compound 1. These data indicate that oxazolinyl derivative of [17(20)E]-pregna-5,17(20)-diene 1 (rather than 4',4'-dimethyl derivative 2) may be considered as potential CYP17A1 inhibitor and template for development of new compounds affecting growth and proliferation of prostate cancer cells.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.


Absorption spectra; CYP17A1 inhibitors; Electrochemistry; Molecular modeling; Oxazolinyl derivatives of pregna-5,17(20)-diene

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