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Photochem Photobiol Sci. 2014 Aug 13;13(9):1241-52. doi: 10.1039/c4pp00086b.

Single and multistep energy transfer processes within doped polymer nanoparticles.

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  • 1Departamento de Química Física, Facultad de Ciencias del Medio Ambiente y Bioquímica e INAMOL, Universidad de Castilla-La Mancha, Avda. Carlos III, S.N., 45071 Toledo, Spain. abderrazzak.douhal@uclm.es.


Herein, we demonstrate the design of multiple fluorophores Coumarin 153 (C153) and Nile Red (NR) encapsulated in semiconducting poly[N-vinylcarbazole] (PVK) polymer nanoparticles (50-70 nm in diameter) by a simple re-precipitation technique, and elucidate their photophysical properties by steady-state and picosecond (ps) time resolved emission spectroscopy. It is interesting to note that multistep cascaded energy transfer occurs from the excited host PVK molecules to NR dye molecules through C153. The energy transfer time constants are found to be 180 ps for PVK→C153, 360 ps for PVK→NR, and 140 ps for the overall energy transfer process from PVK to NR through C153 dye molecules. The multistep energy transfer allows tuning of the wide range emission from 350 nm to 700 nm by changing the relative concentrations of the encapsulated dye molecules. Bright, stable, and white light emission of the dye doped polymer nanoparticles with a quantum yield of 14% is achieved at a particular concentration ratio of the C153 : NR dye. The generation of "cool" white emission in suspension and in the solid state film opens up new possibilities to obtain white light OLEDs based on single nanoparticles.

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