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Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke Za Zhi. 2014 Jun;17(6):602-6.

[Role of SIRT1 in the protection of intestinal epithelial barrier under hypoxia and its mechanism].

[Article in Chinese]

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  • 1Department of General Surgery, Xinqiao Hospital, The Third Military Medical University, Chongqing 400037, China.



To observe the effect of SIRT1 on intestinal barrier function of epithelial Caco-2 cells under hypoxia and investigate its mechanism.


Caco-2 cells were randomly divided into three groups: normoxia group (Nx), hypoxia group (Hx,1%O2 for 6 h) and hypoxia plus 40 μmol/L Resveratrol (agonist of SIRT1) group (Hx+Res). Transepithelial electrical resistance (TER) was determined. mRNA and protein expressions of SIRT1 and tight junctions (ZO-1, Occludin, Claudin-1) were examined by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting.


Both mRNA and protein expressions of SIRT1 were significantly reduced in Hx group as compared with Nx group (0.40±0.02 vs. 0.70±0.07, P=0.001; 0.37±0.03 vs. 0.76±0.03, P=0.001). The mRNA and protein expressions of SIRT1 were significantly increased in Hx+Res group as compared with Hx group(0.50±0.02 vs. 0.40±0.02, P=0.026; 0.54±0.02 vs. 0.37±0.03, P=0.011). The expression levels of ZO-1, Occludin and Claudin-1 in Hx group were lower than those in Nx group (P<0.05), however, pretreatment with Resveratrol could attenuate the decreased expression of above 3 molecules under hypoxia(P<0.05). TERs of Nx group, Hx group and Hx+Res group were (142±7) Ohm/cm(2), (94±3) Ohm/cm(2) and (119±7) Ohm/cm(2) respectively. Compare with the Nx group, the TER of Hx group was significantly decreased(P<0.05). TER of Hx+Res group was significantly increased compare with Hx group, but it was still significantly lower than that in Nx group(P<0.05).


Expression of SIRT1 is significantly reduced under hypoxia. Activation of SIRT1 can maintain the epithelial barrier function through regulating the expression of tight junctions under hypoxia.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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