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J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 2014 Nov-Dec;25(6):603-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jana.2014.04.003. Epub 2014 Apr 19.

Two-year prospective cohort study on quality of life outcomes among people living with HIV after initiation of antiretroviral therapy in Guangxi, China.

Abstract

The long-term impact of antiretroviral therapy (ART) on quality of life (QOL) is not well understood in China. From 2007-2008, 332 treatment-naïve, HIV-infected adults from five hospitals in Guangxi were enrolled in a 2-year prospective cohort study. Information was collected at the time of ART initiation and during 6-, 12-, and 24-month follow-up visits. Significant improvements were observed across all QOL domains during the first 6 months on ART as measured using the WHOQOL-HIV BREF instrument. These were closely tracked by increases in CD4+ T cell counts, total lymphocyte counts, and the Karnofsky performance scores (p < .05). After 6 months, improvements were smaller and uneven across QOL domains; social relationships was the only domain to not significantly improve at 24 months compared to baseline. Poorer and socially isolated participants had lower QOL outcomes. Strengthening ART program interventions to increase social support for patients may increase QOL outcomes.

Copyright © 2014 Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

China; Guangxi; HIV infection; antiretroviral therapy; cohort; quality of life

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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