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Urologe A. 2014 Jul;53(7):968-75. doi: 10.1007/s00120-014-3499-z.

[Avoidance and management of complications in open surgical ureter reconstruction].

[Article in German]

Author information

  • 1Klinik für Urologie und Kinderurologie, HELIOS Klinikum Wuppertal, Lehrstuhl der Universität Witten/Herdecke, Heusnerstraße 40, 42283, Wuppertal, Deutschland,


Open surgical reconstruction of the ureter is a urological procedure with a potentially high risk of complications. The correct selection of patients and time of operation are important aspects regarding the treatment strategy. Position and length of the affected ureter segment to be reconstructed determine the surgical intervention possibilities. The psoas hitch procedure is a well-established technique for distal reconstruction of the ureter where most iatrogenic injuries occur. In more proximal or complex defects, several procedures are available. Partial or complete replacement of the ureter with bowel is still considered the standard for bridging long ureteral defects but is accompanied with higher intra- and postoperative complication rates. In specific patients and situations, autotransplantation of the kidney and subcutaneous pyelovesical bypasses are clinical options. Using mucosal grafts or tissue engineering may be new therapeutic prospects to cover ureteral defects but the clinical impact still needs to be clarified. All therapeutic strategies share the fact that great surgical expertise and experience are necessary as the operative technique must be mastered to avoid severe complications.

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