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ChemSusChem. 2014 Aug;7(8):2248-54. doi: 10.1002/cssc.201402109. Epub 2014 Jun 12.

Lithium-ion transport through a tailored disordered phase on the LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4 surface for high-power cathode materials.

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  • 1Department of Energy & Materials Engineering, Dongguk University, 100-715 Seoul (Korea).


The phase control of spinel LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4 was achieved through surface treatment that led to an enhancement of its electrochemical properties. Li(+) diffusion inside spinel LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4 could be promoted by modifying the surface structure of LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4 through phosphidation into a disordered phase (Fd3m) that allows facile Li(+) transport. Phosphidated LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4 showed a significantly enhanced electrochemical performance, even at high rates exceeding 10 C, demonstrating that the improved kinetics (related to the amount of Mn(3+) ) can render LiNi0.5 Mn1.5 O4 competitive as a high-power cathode material for electric vehicles and hybrid electric vehicles.

© 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


batteries; cathodes; lithium; spinels; surface analysis

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