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Clin Infect Dis. 2014 Sep 15;59(6):858-61. doi: 10.1093/cid/ciu429. Epub 2014 Jun 9.

Staggered and tapered antibiotic withdrawal with administration of kefir for recurrent Clostridium difficile infection.

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  • 1Section of Infectious Disease, St Luke's Hospital, Duluth, Minnesota.


Daily administration of the probiotic kefir given in combination with a staggered and tapered antibiotic withdrawal regimen may resolve recurrent Clostridium difficile infection as effectively as fecal microbiota transplantation.

© The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail:


Clostridium difficile; antibiotic withdrawal; diarrhea; kefir; recurrent

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