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Electrophoresis. 2014 Nov;35(21-22):3062-8. doi: 10.1002/elps.201400075. Epub 2014 Jul 24.

Microarray screening and qRT-PCR evaluation of microRNA markers for forensic body fluid identification.

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  • 1Medical Genomics Research Center, KRIBB, Daejeon, Republic of Korea; Department of Functional Genomics, University of Science of Technology, Daejeon, Republic of Korea.


MicroRNAs (miRNA) are a class of small (∼22 nucleotides) noncoding RNAs that regulate diverse biological processes at the post-transcriptional level. MiRNAs have great potential for forensic body fluid identification because they are expressed in a tissue specific manner and are less prone to degradation. Previous studies reported several miRNAs as body fluid specific, but there are few overlaps among them. Here, we used a genome-wide miRNA microarray containing over 1700 miRNAs to assay 20 body fluid samples and identify novel miRNAs useful for forensic body fluid identification. Based on Shannon Entropy and Q-statistics, 203 miRNAs specifically expressed in each body fluid were first selected. Eight miRNAs were then selected as novel forensically relevant miRNA markers: miR-484 and miR-182 for blood, miR-223 and miR-145 for saliva, miR-2392 and miR-3197 for semen, and miR-1260b and miR-654-5p for vaginal secretions. When the eight selected miRNAs were evaluated in 40 additional body fluid samples by qRT-PCR, they showed high sensitivity and specificity for the identification of the target body fluid. We suggest that the eight miRNAs may be candidates for developing an effective molecular assay for forensic body fluid identification.

© 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.


Body fluid identification; Forensic; MicroRNA

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