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Antiviral Res. 2014 Aug;108:181-91. doi: 10.1016/j.antiviral.2014.05.015. Epub 2014 Jun 6.

Update on hepatitis C virus resistance to direct-acting antiviral agents.

Author information

  • 1Grupo de Virología Clínica, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC), Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC), Sergas, Spain. Electronic address: eva.poveda.lopez@sergas.es.
  • 2Department of Medicine, Owen Clinic and Division of Infectious Diseases, UC San Diego, USA.
  • 3Grupo de Virología Clínica, Instituto de Investigación Biomédica de A Coruña (INIBIC), Complexo Hospitalario Universitario de A Coruña (CHUAC), Sergas, Spain.

Erratum in

  • Antiviral Res. 2014 Nov;111:154.

Abstract

Resistance to direct-acting antiviral (DAA) agents against hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is driven by the selection of mutations at different positions in the NS3 protease, NS5B polymerase and NS5A proteins. With the exception of NS5B nucleos(t)ide inhibitors, most DAAs possess a low genetic barrier to resistance, with significant cross-resistance between compounds belonging to the same family. However, a specific mutation profile is associated with each agent or drug class and varies depending on the genotype/subtype (e.g., genotype 1b showed higher rates of sustained virological response (SVR) and a higher genetic barrier for resistance than genotype 1a). Moreover, some resistance mutations exist as natural polymorphisms in certain genotypes/subtypes at frequencies that require baseline drug resistance testing before recommending certain antivirals. For example, the polymorphism Q80K is frequently found among genotype 1a (19-48%) and is associated with resistance to simeprevir. Similarly, L31M and Y93H, key resistance mutations to NS5A inhibitors, are frequently found (6-12%) among NS5A genotype 1 sequences. In particular, the presence of these polymorphisms may be of relevance in poorly interferon-responsive patients (i.e., null responders and non-CC IL28B) under DAA-based therapies in combination with pegylated interferon-α plus ribavirin. The relevance of pre-existing resistance mutations for responses to interferon-free DAA therapies is unclear for most regimens and requires further study.

Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KEYWORDS:

Direct-acting antivirals; Drug resistance; Hepatitis C virus

PMID:
24911972
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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