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BMJ Open. 2014 Jun 2;4(6):e004711. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-004711.

Spatial inequalities in life expectancy within postindustrial regions of Europe: a cross-sectional observational study.

Author information

  • 1NHS Health Scotland, Glasgow, UK.
  • 2Glasgow Centre for Population Health, Glasgow, UK.
  • 3Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Bochum, Germany.
  • 4Observatoire Régional de la Santé (ORS), Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Loos, France.
  • 5Regional Public Health Authority of the Olomouc Region of the Czech Republic, Olomouc, Czech Republic.
  • 6University of Glasgow, Glasgow, UK.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To compare spatial inequalities in life expectancy (LE) in West Central Scotland (WCS) with nine other postindustrial European regions.

DESIGN:

A cross-sectional observational study.

SETTING:

WCS and nine other postindustrial regions across Europe.

PARTICIPANTS:

Data for WCS and nine other comparably deindustrialised European regions were analysed. Male and female LEs at birth were obtained or calculated for the mid-2000s for 160 districts within selected regions. Districts were stratified into two groups: small (populations of between 141 000 and 185 000 people) and large (populations between 224 000 and 352 000). The range and IQR in LE were used to describe within-region disparities.

RESULTS:

In small districts, the male LE range was widest in WCS and Merseyside, while the IQR was widest in WCS and Northern Ireland. For women, the LE range was widest in WCS, though the IQR was widest in Northern Ireland and Merseyside. In large districts, the range and IQR in LE was widest in WCS and Wallonia for both sexes.

CONCLUSIONS:

Subregional spatial inequalities in LE in WCS are wide compared with other postindustrial mainland European regions, especially for men. Future research could explore the contribution of economic, social and political factors in reducing these inequalities.

Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

KEYWORDS:

PUBLIC HEALTH; SOCIAL MEDICINE; STATISTICS & RESEARCH METHODS

PMID:
24889851
[PubMed - in process]
PMCID:
PMC4054650
Free PMC Article
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