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Comput Human Behav. 2014 Jun 1;35. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2014.01.035.

The Problematic and Risky Internet Use Screening Scale (PRIUSS) for Adolescents and Young Adults: Scale Development and Refinement.

Author information

  • 1School of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota.
  • 2Departments of Biostatistics and Medical Informatics, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI.
  • 3Department of Pediatrics, University of Washington, Seattle, WA ; Seattle Children's Research Institute, Seattle, WA.
  • 4Department of Family Medicine, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI.
  • 5Planned Parenthood of Wisconsin, Madison, WI 53713.

Abstract

Problematic Internet use (PIU) is a growing health concern among adolescents and young adults. The purpose of this mixed-methods study was to develop and refine a theoretically-grounded and psychometrically-validated assessment instrument for PIU specifically tailored to adolescents and young adults. An item pool was developed using concept mapping and a review of the literature, and administered to 714 students from two universities between 18 and 25 years of age. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were used in a development subsample (n=500) to construct the scale. A cross-validation sample (n=214) was used to confirm the scale's reliability. The Problematic and Risky Internet Use Screening Scale (PRIUSS) is an 18-item scale with three subscales: Social Impairment, Emotional Impairment, and Risky/Impulsive Internet Use. Based on its strong theoretical foundation and promising psychometric performance, the PRIUSS may be a valuable tool for screening and prevention efforts in this population.

KEYWORDS:

Internet use; concept mapping; problematic Internet use; psychometrics; scale development; screening

PMID:
24882938
[PubMed]
PMCID:
PMC4035908
Free PMC Article
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