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Transplantation. 2014 May 28. [Epub ahead of print]

Transplant Professionals' Proposals for the Implementation of an Altruistic Unbalanced Paired Kidney Exchange Program.

Author information

  • 11 Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Montreal, Canada. 2 Bioethics Program, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, École de santé publique de l'Université de Montréal, Montreal, Canada. 3 Nephrology and Transplantation Division, Centre hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal (CHUM), Montreal, Canada. 4 Address correspondence to: Marie-Chantal Fortin M.D., Ph.D., F.R.C.P.C., Nephrology and Transplantation Division, Centre Hospitalier de l'Université de Montréal, 1560 Sherbrooke Street East, Montreal, Quebec H2L 4M1, Canada.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Kidney recipients in the O blood group are at a disadvantage in kidney exchange programs (KEPs) because they can only receive an organ from O blood group donors. A way to remedy this unfair situation is through altruistic unbalanced paired kidney exchange (AUPKE) where a compatible pair (CP) consisting of an O donor and a non-O recipient is invited to participate in a KEP. There is no established AUPKE program in Canada. The aim of this study was to gather transplant professionals' views on the conditions necessary for the implementation of an AUPKE program.

METHODS:

Nineteen Canadian transplant professionals took part in semistructured interviews. The content of these interviews was analyzed using a qualitative data analysis method.

RESULTS:

Respondents' recommendations focused on the following: (i) the logistics of AUPKE (e.g., not delaying the transplantation for the CP, retrieving organs locally, providing a good quality organ to the CP, and maintaining anonymity); (ii) the transplantation teams (e.g., establishing a consensus among members and ensuring sufficient resources); (iii) information provided to CPs; and (iv) research (e.g., looking into all transplant options for O recipients, studying all potential impacts of KEPs and AUPKE).

CONCLUSION:

The respondents in our study made the following recommendations for the implementation of an AUPKE program: (i) CPs should not be disadvantaged, (ii) measures should be taken to ensure that all transplant team members agree to participate and that there are sufficient resources for implementation, (iii) comprehensive information should be provided to the CP, and (iv) further research is needed on AUPKE.

PMID:
24873778
[PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
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