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Environ Monit Assess. 2014 Sep;186(9):5843-53. doi: 10.1007/s10661-014-3823-5. Epub 2014 May 23.

Synthesis, characterization, and systematic studies of a novel aluminum selective chelating resin.

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  • 1Analytical Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, 202002, India, aminulislam.ch@amu.ac.in.


A procedure is detailed for the selective analysis of trace aluminum by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometer coupled with off-line column separation and preconcentration. Chelating resin was synthesized by covalent functionalization of Amberlite XAD-16 by 2-(2-hydroxyphenyl) benzoxazole. The modified resin was characterized using FT-IR spectroscopy, energy dispersive x-ray analysis, elemental analysis, thermogravimetric analysis/differential thermal analysis, and minimum energy run. The optimum sorption was at pH 9 ± 0.1 with corresponding t 1/2 of only 7 min. Many competitive anions and cations studied did not interfere at all in the selective determination of Al(III), at the optimized conditions. The resin shows maximum sorption capacity of 21.58 mg g(-1) and can be regenerated up to 75 cycles without any discernible capacity loss. The Langmuir isotherm model provides the better correlation of the experimental data (r (2) = 0.999) in comparison to Freundlich isotherm model, while the Scatchard analysis revealed homogeneous binding sites in the chelating resin. Analytical figures of merit were evaluated by accuracy (standard reference materials and recovery experiment), precision (RSD <5 %), and detection limit (2.8 μg L(-1)). The applicability was demonstrated by analysis of trace aluminum in biological, environmental, and food samples.

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