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Wound Repair Regen. 2014 May-Jun;22(3):351-5. doi: 10.1111/wrr.12176.

Hyperbaric oxygen for the treatment of nonhealing arterial insufficiency ulcers.

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  • 1Department of Emergency Medicine, Division of Hyperbaric Medicine and Wound Care, SUNY Upstate Medical University, Syracuse, New York.

Abstract

There is limited data regarding hyperbaric oxygen's effectiveness in the treatment of nonhealing arterial insufficiency ulcers. This study was designed to analyze healing rates and amputation rates in patients who underwent adjunctive hyperbaric oxygen for a nonhealing arterial insufficiency ulcer. A retrospective chart review was completed on patients who underwent hyperbaric oxygen for arterial insufficiency ulcers that failed to heal despite standard treatment. Information collected included complete ulcer healing, amputation, and patient characteristics. There were 82 patients identified. A majority did not have diabetes (84.1%). The overall rate of healing was 43.9%. The overall major amputation rate was 17.1%. The amputation rate among those who healed was 0% compared to 42.4% among those not healed (p < 0.0001). Dialysis was predictive of major amputation (p = 0.03). Our findings suggest hyperbaric oxygen can play a role in management of arterial insufficiency ulcers that have failed standard treatment. The overwhelming majority of these patients did not have diabetes, which allows this study to be translated to patients with a primary arterial insufficiency ulcer. These results support the use of hyperbaric oxygen for select nonhealing arterial insufficiency ulcers that have failed standard therapy and the need for a prospective pilot study.

© 2014 by the Wound Healing Society.

PMID:
24844334
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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