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Br J Haematol. 2014 Aug;166(4):485-95. doi: 10.1111/bjh.12942. Epub 2014 May 16.

Effect of von Willebrand factor on inhibitor eradication in patients with severe haemophilia A: a systematic review.

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  • 1Department of Pediatric Haematology, Emma Children's Hospital, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.


This systematic review was designed to summarize the reported valid quantitative evidence on the association between use of von Willebrand factor (VWF)-containing Factor VIII (FVIII) concentrates and successful immune tolerance induction (ITI) in patients with severe haemophilia A. The primary outcome was successful ITI; secondary outcomes were time to success, complications of the inhibitor or ITI and relapse of the inhibitor. A systematic literature search identified 26 randomized controlled trials, registries and cohort studies, evaluating a total of 1284 patients. For a pooled meta-analysis, 13 studies evaluating 382 patients were included. Due to incomplete data we were not able to assign pre-ITI risk categories to all patients for risk factor analysis. The meta-analysis did not demonstrate a difference in the proportion of patients with successful inhibitor eradication between those treated with VWF-containing products and those treated with FVIII concentrates devoid of VWF (relative risk [RR] 0·70 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0·52-0·89) and 0·84 (95% CI 0·75-0·93) respectively). Bleeding rate during ITI ranged from 0·00 to 0·85 bleeding episodes per year. The proportion of patients with a relapse of the inhibitor (range 0-20%) was mentioned in four studies that were included in the meta-analysis. The results of this systematic review do not support the idea of a positive effect of VWF-containing products in ITI.

© 2014 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


VWF; antibodies; haemophilia A; human factor VIII protein; immunology

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