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BMJ Case Rep. 2014 May 13;2014. pii: bcr2014203596. doi: 10.1136/bcr-2014-203596.

A rare presentation of splenic tuberculosis with a pseudocyst.

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  • 1Department of General Surgery, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India.
  • 2Department of Pathology, Kasturba Medical College, Manipal, Karnataka, India.


Splenic tuberculosis is an unusual manifestation of extrapulmonary tuberculosis, especially in immunocompetent hosts. It often poses diagnostic difficulties as microbiological confirmation is not easy. In this case report, we describe a case of pseudocyst of the spleen due to tuberculosis, which is a rare clinical presentation with only one case having been reported previously. A 24-year-old immunocompetent woman presented with pain in the abdomen, vomiting and fever. On evaluation the patient was found to have a cyst arising from the spleen. Splenectomy was performed. Pathological examination of the specimen revealed a pseudocyst with granulomas and giant cells consistent with tuberculosis. Cyst fluid analysis revealed lymphocyte predominance with high adenosine deaminase levels. The patient was started on 6 months of antituberculous therapy postoperatively. On follow-up, the patient was found to have gained weight and showed signs of well-being.

2014 BMJ Publishing Group Ltd.

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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