Send to:

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Int J Psychol. 2014 Feb;49(1):30-7. doi: 10.1002/ijop.12013. Epub 2013 Nov 20.

Family income, parental education and internalizing and externalizing psychopathology among 2-3-year-old Chinese children: the mediator effect of parent-child conflict.

Author information

  • 1Department of Early Childhood Education, The Hong Kong Institute of Education, Tai Po, Hong Kong.


Using a sample of 156 Chinese children aged 2-3 years and their parents, this study examined the effects of socio-economic status, specifically family income and parental education, on the children's internalizing and externalizing psychopathology and whether these effects were mediated by mother-child and father-child conflict. Results indicated that family income, maternal education and paternal education all negatively predicted externalizing symptoms. Income also negatively predicted internalizing symptoms among boys but not girls. Maternal education negatively predicted internalizing symptoms among girls but not boys. The effects of income on psychopathology were fully mediated by mother-child and father-child conflict. In contrast, the effects of education were not mediated or only partially mediated by conflict. Findings are discussed in the framework of the family stress model.

© 2013 International Union of Psychological Science.


Education; Family stress; Income; Parent-child conflict; Psychopathology

[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Loading ...
    Write to the Help Desk